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originally developed in the CAEE-09 analysis, to see why it matters, see Motivation.
This define what makes the "creativity engine" running. Why this so costly process is still perpetually active.
Note that this presuppose a form of competition because access to resources is costly, even if there is a large amount of resource it is not negligible. Consequently the caring of a member of a group for each other does not remove that constraint even if it is often easier to witness as available resources required for the group are under the minimum threshold for the survival of all members, thus requiring an allocation for only a part of the group.
Creativity to remain or become independent from the existing (legal) system
This provide great survival value as it gives more freedom to exploit potential resources (but with other risks?).
Law not being proactive, events resulting from innovation have to precede the law thus being "outside of its cadre" until it gets incorporated.
and thus it should be part of the epistemological perspective
I remember having a discussion with someone involved in P2P who told me
that science study were nice but it was too slow compared to "field work"
(I guess he was more practical and saying that the feedback loop is faster I didn't keep the log but basically that, you are more on the edge by producing protocol and seeing in "real life" how they behave and if they are efficient and resistant rather that theorizing too much about them but that was maybe because some earlier work has be done upstream, in formal research and that he was using it without being aware of it.)
just doing it and letting the computer scientist analyze after why it worked
and obviously in P2P (data sharing but also running code) being illegal is a drive for innovation
you have be on the technical edge to bypass laws and the system in place
so independently of the moral or ethical aspect, it's definitely an important part of epistemology
especially with the survival perspective
it clearly show the arm race and how having the edge matters
Examples of epistemic arm race that use directly improvements in modeling
to order chronologically and provide an "History of arms race, the evolution of natural creativity engines"
- cryptography during WWII
- i.e. colossus
- see also The Code Book, Simon Singh, Fourth Estate Limited 1999
- "comment la guerre continuelle du codage et du decodage a entraine des decouvertes et des progres multiples en linguistique, en mathematiques et, pour finir, dans la mise au point des ordinateurs" (back cover of the french edition by Le Live de Poche)
- cryptography "today"
- space conquest
- USA/USSR amr-race with huge investment yet huge progresses
- bots in VR world that have an economy
- spending resources to detect them and keep the VR sane
- making yet another harder to detect bot to "gold-farm"
- bots and the spamming economy
- Human vs. Machine contest as a learning process for IBM - DeepQA Project (and also before with Deep Blue)
- well this fall into the arms race category but does it fall into the "outside of the law" category? Yes since it is considered cheated to be using such systems in the classical context.
- The 2K BotPrize for game bots
- RoboCup Official Site an international joint project to promote AI, robotics, and related fields.
- Antigenic drift(with a nice illustration)
- even if it's just external shape (proteins) that is changing, and not the internal mechanism, it does display the same "arm race" phenomenon
- attention seeker (with their dedicated researcher in marketing, producing unpredictable patterns in order to get what they want, attention)
- managers of IP portfolios (IP "generators" aka invetors but only collaterally?)
- international and local IP legislators
- SEO modeling the search engine behavior
- search engine building counters
- multiple links, fake websites, ...
- corporations and law (vertical, as influencing the law making process, or horizontal, as managing competition)
- Artificial Intelligence and Law
- "theoretical or empirical studies in artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, jurisprudence, linguistics, or philosophy that address the development of formal or computational models of legal knowledge, reasoning, and decision making."
- instead of looking for conformity to the model, you can look for non-conformity i.e. what will not get filtered by the judicial system
- tax evasion
- increasingly complex and often updated system for the individual as well as for corporations, to minimize any kind of taxes
- computer security
- botnet whitehat vs blackhat
- The Enemy Within by Mark Bowden, The Atlantic June 2010
- "The struggle against this remarkable worm is a sort of chess match unfolding in the esoteric world of computer security."
- "Both sides in this cyberwar have become astonishingly sophisticated, operating at the cutting edge of programming theory and cryptography. Both understand the limits of security methodology, the one side working to broaden its reach, the other working to surpass it."
- "Remember that it's an arm race. [...] You start swotting common way that you are doing things and then they raise the bar." min15:55
- financial market regulators vs. investors
- software using statistical analyse of behaviors by the AMF and similar institutions
- inspired by a startup proposal for Sylvain
- “It is a technological arms race in financial markets and the regulators are a bit caught unaware of how quickly the technology has evolved,” says Andrew Lo in Electronic Trading Creates a New Financial Landscape, NYTimes.com
- cognition including consciousness
- "The development and activation of this computational module plays a role for the system: the functional self-model possesses a true evolutionary description, metaphorically speaking it was a weapon that was invented and continuously optimized in the course of a <<cognitive arms race>> (Clark 1989: 61)" Self models Scholarpedia
- information exchange
- explicit international competitions
- "Prof de GARIS, intends spearheading China’s national Brain Building project, to build the “C-Brain”, and challenges other major brain building countries/regions to do the same, e.g. A-Brain (America’s Brain), E-Brain (Europe’s Brain) J-Brain (Japan’s Brain), I-Brain (India’s Brain), etc."
- Theory of mind
- scientific publication
- h-index spoofing "you can't rely on a fully automatic method to evaluate intelligent entities which are aware of the evaluation method, as they are very likely to adapt to it"
- in the classroom
- "This is a losing battle: as I use more advanced cheating detection schemes, the cheaters will adapt."
so...is there actually any epistemic process that isn't an arm-race?
- evolutionary arm-races exist because the evolutionary process is pervasive
Or to a certain extent 28. Improving Offensive Performance Through Opponent Modeling by Gita Sukthankar and Kennard R. Laviers, IJCAI'09
- organize by ordering by
- consider how even time travel does not change this principle
- an arms-race would still take place to be the first able to "correct" the situation