Introspection2 ("consciously experienced cognitive reference"). This second concept refers to a conceptual (or quasi-conceptual) form of metarepresentation, operating on a preexisting, coherent model of the world. This kind of introspection is brought about by a process of phenomenally representing cognitive reference to certain aspects of an internal system state, the individual content of which is constituted by a part of the world as external.

  • Phenomenologically, this class of state is constituted by all experiences of attenting to an object in our environment, while simultaneously recognizing it or forming a new mental concept of it; it is the conscious experience of cognitive reference. A good example of what Fred Dretske (1969) called "epistemic seeing".